The United Kingdom's Performance on the Resource Governance Index
The U.K. received a "satisfactory" score of 88, ranking 3rd out of 58 countries. Compared to other industrialized nations, the U.K. scored relatively poorly on the Institutional & Legal Setting component.
(out of 58)
(out of 100)
|13||Institutional & Legal Setting||79|
|7||Safeguards & Quality Controls||83|
Institutional & Legal Setting (Rank: 13th/58, Score: 79/100) learn more
The U.K.'s "satisfactory" score of 79 reflects an effective regulatory framework, but also takes into account the country's failure to sign on to the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, despite playing a significant role in its founding.
The Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) regulates the industry and conducts annual competitive licensing rounds. Since privatizing the oil and gas industry, the U.K. has not established any state-owned companies or resource funds. The oil and gas division of HM Revenue and Customs collects taxes and fees from petroleum companies and deposits them in the treasury. These revenues are combined with other funding streams and distributed to local governments without regard to regional origins.
With 99 percent of the country's oil and gas located in the North Sea off the coast of Scotland, the Scottish government has proposed a Scottish Oil Stabilization Fund; discussion of how such a fund would be managed has become part of the debate surrounding the referendum on Scottish independence scheduled for October 2014.
Environmental assessments and consultations with environmental authorities and the public are required before extractive rights are awarded. All government data are subject to the Freedom of Information Act of 2000.
Reporting Practices (Rank: 3rd/58, Score: 91/100) learn more
The government provides detailed data on most aspects of the petroleum industry, earning a "satisfactory" score of 91.
Licensing criteria and information on the geographic scope of available blocks are available before licensing rounds. Once the licensing process is complete, DECC publishes winning bids and the full text of licenses. Environmental assessments also are published.
HM Treasury produces annual reports on petroleum production, prices, and tax receipts. DECC provides current information on reserves, production volumes, prices, export values, company-by-company data, and license fees, as well as historical information on production costs and investment in the sector. The Office for National Statistics, HM Revenue and Customs, and the Scottish Parliament also provide up-to-date information on various aspects of the industry.
Safeguards & Quality Controls (Rank: 7th/58, Score: 83/100) learn more
With comprehensive audit requirements and parliamentary oversight of the petroleum sector, the U.K. received a "satisfactory" score of 83.
Lawmakers must approve licensing criteria and model license clauses, but there is no legislative review of individual awards. DECC has no internal appeals process; licensing decisions must be contested in court.
The National Audit Office reviews the accounts of HM Revenue and Customs, including petroleum receipts. Audit documents are not disclosed, but auditors' reports to Parliament are published annually. The Energy and Climate Change Committee of the House of Commons oversees the management and accounts of DECC, and led an inquiry into the offshore oil and gas industry in 2009.
Enabling Environment (Rank: 4th/58, Score: 93/100) learn more
The U.K. ranked near the top of global measurements of government accountability, budget openess, and democracy, earning a "satisfactory" score of 93.
INSTITUTIONAL & LEGAL SETTING
SAFEGUARDS & QUALITY CONTROLS
To explore all data and compare country scores, use the RGI Data Tool.
Key Economic Indicators
|GDP (constant 2011 international $ billion)||1,883.7||2,599.9||2,445.4|
|GDP per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $)||29,126||32,958||32,863|
|Oil and gas revenues (% total government revenue)||2||2|
|Extractive exports (% total exports)||11||12||18|
|Sources: Oil and gas revenue as share of total government revenue from the Economist Intelligence Unit and the International Monetary Fund. All other data form the World Bank.|