This report provides practical guidance to state and regional officials and oversight actors in Myanmar to avoid potential pitfalls and ensure that decentralization delivers real benefits to local communities and miners.
Contract disclosure in oil, gas and mining is rapidly becoming standard practice around the world, but in Myanmar, there has been little progress on contract transparency. The government now has an important opportunity to overhaul disclosure requirements and ensure Myanmar keeps pace with a growing global trend.
As Myanmar undergoes validation against the EITI standard, this briefing is intended to equip stakeholders in interrogating and correcting apparent inconsistencies in jade and gemstone sector statistics.
Myanmar’s state-owned economic enterprises regularly generate approximately 50 percent of the government's fiscal revenues and spend as much in the domestic economy. But there are governance problems, which this report addresses with recommended reforms.
While discussions on Myanmar gemstone sector reforms have thus far largely focused on jade, little is known about the ruby sector and its role in the country’s economy. This background paper consolidates information on the ruby industry and identifies linkages to broader challenges of peace and reform.