Using Ghana as an example, this briefing outlines how payments-to-governments data can be used to: monitor whether company payments match what would be expected under the fiscal regime; to monitor the allocation and disbursement of mining royalties to subnational entities; and to monitor payments for infrastructure improvements in mining-affected areas.
Which types of information—and in which format—will be of use to communities closest to extractive sites? This paper is written for national and subnational policy makers and civil society organizations trying to improve transparency and governance of the extractive sector at the local level.
The sale of crude oil by governments and their national oil companies (NOCs) is one of the least scrutinized aspects of oil sector governance. This report is the first detailed examination of those sales, and focuses on the top ten oil exporting countries in sub-Saharan Africa.