This report explores common resource governance successes and challenges in sub-Saharan Africa. The authors conclude that policymakers, parliamentarians, civil society, media and regional institutions must focus on narrowing the implementation gap between extractive sector laws and actual practice, which will help to restore trust between government, communities and investors and thus strengthen sustainable management of natural resources.
Oversight actors can detect and prevent corruption in the oil, gas and mining sectors if they ask the right questions. Corruption schemes can be complex and opaque, yet clear patterns and similar signs of problematic behavior do exist across resource-rich countries.
In many oil-producing countries, the government receives a physical share of production, and that oil is then typically sold by the national oil company (NOC). These trading transactions are currently subject to limited regulation and even fewer reporting requirements.