Les enquêtes les plus récentes montrent que le renforcement de la transparence et de l’implication du public en matière de passation de marchés constitue un moyen efficace de négocier des termes plus avantageux pour le public, d’améliorer les services publics, de décourager la fraude et la corruption, d’établir la confiance et de promouvoir un environnement commercial plus concurrentiel.
Deals in the oil, gas and mining sectors may be worth billions of dollars over decades. Yet there is surprisingly little systematic guidance for ensuring transparency in allocating and managing the rights to explore for and exploit natural resources.
Four years after the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) began encouraging contract disclosure through its standard, this report assesses the extent to which governments of resource-rich countries have taken up the recommendation.
Emerging economies, their governments and their companies, are playing an increased role in oil, gas and mining production - both within their own borders but also outside in other countries and regions.