Les enquêtes les plus récentes montrent que le renforcement de la transparence et de l’implication du public en matière de passation de marchés constitue un moyen efficace de négocier des termes plus avantageux pour le public, d’améliorer les services publics, de décourager la fraude et la corruption, d’établir la confiance et de promouvoir un environnement commercial plus concurrentiel.
Deals in the oil, gas and mining sectors may be worth billions of dollars over decades. Yet there is surprisingly little systematic guidance for ensuring transparency in allocating and managing the rights to explore for and exploit natural resources.
Which types of information—and in which format—will be of use to communities closest to extractive sites? This paper is written for national and subnational policy makers and civil society organizations trying to improve transparency and governance of the extractive sector at the local level.
Governments, international organizations and other actors can improve transparency by establishing and enforcing a set of international standards for financial and accounting records, as well by disclosing contractual terms.
Parliamentarians have a crucial role to play in reviewing legislation on oil, gas and minerals, and in overseeing the government’s management of these extractive sectors. In support of this unique mandate, NRGI has developed five parliamentary briefings that constitute an approach to parliamentary capacity building on extractives.
The Extractives Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) seeks to improve transparency and accountability in the oil, gas and mining sectors. In countries participating in EITI, oil, gas and mining companies must publish what they pay to governments, and governments must publish what they receive.