This report charts the expansion of Indonesia’s decentralized government after the 1998 reform as it relates to the sharing of natural resource revenues, investigates the challenges this creates and offers some recommendations for reform and further investigation.
Les auteurs passent en revue les diverses expériences vécues relativement aux prêts adossés à des ressources naturelles par plusieurs pays de l’Afrique subsaharienne et de l’Amérique latine de 2004 à 2018. Leur but consiste ici à identifier les risques et opportunités présentés par les prêts.
Researchers examined 52 oil- and mineral-backed loans from China, commodity traders and other lenders to sub-Saharan African and Latin American countries. The analysis of the loans, which totaled $164 billion between 2004 and 2018, has exposed clear risks and opportunities that come with this type of borrowing mechanism.
This report provides practical guidance to state and regional officials and oversight actors in Myanmar to avoid potential pitfalls and ensure that decentralization delivers real benefits to local communities and miners.
The authors of this paper examine Tunisia’s upstream petroleum fiscal regime, considering the government’s policy priority of reversing a decade-long decline in reserves and production. They make recommendations for creating a vibrant petroleum industry to support the local economy, reducing the country’s increasing dependence on imports, attracting investment and boosting exploration activity.
The authors of this report undertook a review of existing practices in measuring environmental and social impacts of extraction. Additionally, they have collated information on various tools, frameworks and standards into a database, the Tool Explorer, that allows users to search for tools based on their interest or needs.