This report explores common resource governance successes and challenges in sub-Saharan Africa. The authors conclude that policymakers, parliamentarians, civil society, media and regional institutions must focus on narrowing the implementation gap between extractive sector laws and actual practice, which will help to restore trust between government, communities and investors and thus strengthen sustainable management of natural resources.
Dans la plupart des pays riches en ressources naturelles, lorsqu’une entreprise cherche à obtenir des droits d’exploration ou d’exploitation pétrolière, gazière ou minière, les règles de l’industrie exigent que les régulateurs vérifient certaines informations fondamentales avant d’octroyer une licence et le contrat s’y rattachant à l’entreprise.
NRGI reviewed over 50 mining and oil laws and found that none required regulators to actually check whether applicants for extractive licenses are politically exposed persons. This briefing offers advice on how governments can strengthen their extractives licensing policies and processes to tackle basic corruption risks posed by such problematic beneficial ownership linkages.
Oversight actors can detect and prevent corruption in the oil, gas and mining sectors if they ask the right questions. Corruption schemes can be complex and opaque, yet clear patterns and similar signs of problematic behavior do exist across resource-rich countries.
Four years after the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) began encouraging contract disclosure through its standard, this report assesses the extent to which governments of resource-rich countries have taken up the recommendation.