The transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy is a global imperative. This transition presents challenges and opportunities for the hundreds of millions of people living in resource-rich countries.
The global transition from fossil fuel-powered vehicles to electric vehicles (EVs) will require the production of hundreds of millions of batteries. The general public and critics alike have raised questions about the sustainability of the battery supply chain, from mining impacts to vehicle carbon emissions. This brief provides basic information on the EV battery supply chain and key battery minerals, such as cobalt and lithium.