Ongoing reforms present an unprecedented opportunity to improve management of Myanmar’s multi-billion-dollar jade and gemstone industry, and reorganization of the sector may proceed most effectively if it is informed by the experience of other gemstone-producing countries.
Four years after the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) began encouraging contract disclosure through its standard, this report assesses the extent to which governments of resource-rich countries have taken up the recommendation.
Together with our partners at Global Witness, NRGI is recommending seven steps that stakeholders in Myanmar could take to implement the EITI beneficial ownership requirements in a way that increases the potential for concrete improvements in natural resource governance.
This country strategy note summarizes an NRGI analysis of country context and reform priorities. It also outlines NRGI’s engagement in Myanmar, complementing the work of other actors. Developments will naturally affect the assessments and objectives described herein.
Licensing serves as the gateway into Myanmar’s lucrative and controversial mining sector. The permitting process determines, in large part, who can participate in the mining sector and under what conditions.
Natural resource revenue sharing will be part of upcoming discussions on federalism in Myanmar. This paper outlines the current state of fiscal decentralization, describes the size and location of extractive activities, and shares good practices for resource revenue distribution, drawing on international experiences.