Myanmar’s state-owned economic enterprises regularly generate approximately 50 percent of the government's fiscal revenues and spend as much in the domestic economy. But there are governance problems, which this report addresses with recommended reforms.
While discussions on Myanmar gemstone sector reforms have thus far largely focused on jade, little is known about the ruby sector and its role in the country’s economy. This background paper consolidates information on the ruby industry and identifies linkages to broader challenges of peace and reform.
This report presents policy-makers with a framework for thinking through the range of natural resource governance responsibilities and the models used by different countries for conferring greater influence to subnational institutions.
The Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI) operates with the belief that an informed, strong civil society is essential to effecting transformative and sustainable change in natural resource governance. The organization’s theory of change articulates the need to enable civil society to “produce or drive reform ideas, participate in meaningful dialogue and hold their governments accountable.”
Ongoing reforms present an unprecedented opportunity to improve management of Myanmar’s multi-billion-dollar jade and gemstone industry, and reorganization of the sector may proceed most effectively if it is informed by the experience of other gemstone-producing countries.
Four years after the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) began encouraging contract disclosure through its standard, this report assesses the extent to which governments of resource-rich countries have taken up the recommendation.
Together with our partners at Global Witness, NRGI is recommending seven steps that stakeholders in Myanmar could take to implement the EITI beneficial ownership requirements in a way that increases the potential for concrete improvements in natural resource governance.
This country strategy note summarizes an NRGI analysis of country context and reform priorities. It also outlines NRGI’s engagement in Myanmar, complementing the work of other actors. Developments will naturally affect the assessments and objectives described herein.
Licensing serves as the gateway into Myanmar’s lucrative and controversial mining sector. The permitting process determines, in large part, who can participate in the mining sector and under what conditions.