Les enquêtes les plus récentes montrent que le renforcement de la transparence et de l’implication du public en matière de passation de marchés constitue un moyen efficace de négocier des termes plus avantageux pour le public, d’améliorer les services publics, de décourager la fraude et la corruption, d’établir la confiance et de promouvoir un environnement commercial plus concurrentiel.
Deals in the oil, gas and mining sectors may be worth billions of dollars over decades. Yet there is surprisingly little systematic guidance for ensuring transparency in allocating and managing the rights to explore for and exploit natural resources.
Fiscal rules—permanent quantitative constraints on government finances—are an important tool to help mitigate the macroeconomic challenges associated with managing natural resource revenues. This paper sheds light on large gaps in compliance and oversight of fiscal rules, and provides policy recommendations on how fiscal rules can be further strengthened.
This report presents policy-makers with a framework for thinking through the range of natural resource governance responsibilities and the models used by different countries for conferring greater influence to subnational institutions.
Four years after the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) began encouraging contract disclosure through its standard, this report assesses the extent to which governments of resource-rich countries have taken up the recommendation.
Local governments in the Philippines can influence the decision on whether mining operations proceed in their jurisdictions. Several local governments have denied their consent to mining operators or imposed moratoriums. Environmental gains have been made as a result, but there have also been significant investment losses for the national government. This case study considers the trade-offs associated with granting local authority on mining and explains the challenges that ultimately led to reduced benefits at the local level.
Equipping local governments and communities with governance tools to manage subnational resource wealth is an increasingly important response in efforts to transform natural resources into long term development. This is a study of the successful use of one such tool, multi-stakeholder groups (MSGs), in the contentious Filipino mining sector.
Natural resource revenue sharing will be part of upcoming discussions on federalism in Myanmar. This paper outlines the current state of fiscal decentralization, describes the size and location of extractive activities, and shares good practices for resource revenue distribution, drawing on international experiences.