"State capture" is defined as the efforts of individuals or firms to shape the formation of laws, policies, and regulations of the state to their own advantage by providing illicit private gains to public officials.
Using Ghana as an example, this briefing outlines how payments-to-governments data can be used to: monitor whether company payments match what would be expected under the fiscal regime; to monitor the allocation and disbursement of mining royalties to subnational entities; and to monitor payments for infrastructure improvements in mining-affected areas.
Myanmar’s state-owned economic enterprises regularly generate approximately 50 percent of the government's fiscal revenues and spend as much in the domestic economy. But there are governance problems, which this report addresses with recommended reforms.
Les enquêtes les plus récentes montrent que le renforcement de la transparence et de l’implication du public en matière de passation de marchés constitue un moyen efficace de négocier des termes plus avantageux pour le public, d’améliorer les services publics, de décourager la fraude et la corruption, d’établir la confiance et de promouvoir un environnement commercial plus concurrentiel.
Deals in the oil, gas and mining sectors may be worth billions of dollars over decades. Yet there is surprisingly little systematic guidance for ensuring transparency in allocating and managing the rights to explore for and exploit natural resources.
Government officials in the Kyrgyz Republic are considering levying a tax on the final production of gold ore and concentrate. They hope this will help add value to the country’s mineral production, which in turn might supply minerals to industry, create jobs and generate revenue.