Dans la plupart des pays riches en ressources naturelles, lorsqu’une entreprise cherche à obtenir des droits d’exploration ou d’exploitation pétrolière, gazière ou minière, les règles de l’industrie exigent que les régulateurs vérifient certaines informations fondamentales avant d’octroyer une licence et le contrat s’y rattachant à l’entreprise.
Using Ghana as an example, this briefing outlines how payments-to-governments data can be used to: monitor whether company payments match what would be expected under the fiscal regime; to monitor the allocation and disbursement of mining royalties to subnational entities; and to monitor payments for infrastructure improvements in mining-affected areas.
NRGI reviewed over 50 mining and oil laws and found that none required regulators to actually check whether applicants for extractive licenses are politically exposed persons. This briefing offers advice on how governments can strengthen their extractives licensing policies and processes to tackle basic corruption risks posed by such problematic beneficial ownership linkages.
This briefing sheds light on various options that could be considered by the Ghanaian government in funding “Free Senior High School” with petroleum revenues, with a particular emphasis on how funding for the program can be rendered sustainable going forward.