This report presents policy-makers with a framework for thinking through the range of natural resource governance responsibilities and the models used by different countries for conferring greater influence to subnational institutions.
As in many countries, the Indonesian government wishes to establish greater sovereignty over the country’s mineral resources. However, the government has so far struggled to realize a policy that works for both the country and investors.
This paper examines the evidence of a subnational resource curse. Natural resource extraction can have positive effects, generating profits, tax revenue for government, and economic linkages to other sectors. In contrast, extraction can also have negative economic, environmental and social consequences.
Which types of information—and in which format—will be of use to communities closest to extractive sites? This paper is written for national and subnational policy makers and civil society organizations trying to improve transparency and governance of the extractive sector at the local level.
Selected aspects of natural resource management have been transferred (or decentralized) to subnational governments in at least 60 countries. Decentralized authority can include power to decide local land uses or to collect and manage fees and taxes from the extraction of oil, gas, and minerals.
As a new government assumes power, Indonesia faces a historic opportunity to enhance the country’s management of its oil and mining industries; these enhancements could include more sustainable economic outcomes to benefit all Indonesians, reduction of risks of corruption, and an increase public