This report presents policy-makers with a framework for thinking through the range of natural resource governance responsibilities and the models used by different countries for conferring greater influence to subnational institutions.
Local governments in the Philippines can influence the decision on whether mining operations proceed in their jurisdictions. Several local governments have denied their consent to mining operators or imposed moratoriums. Environmental gains have been made as a result, but there have also been significant investment losses for the national government. This case study considers the trade-offs associated with granting local authority on mining and explains the challenges that ultimately led to reduced benefits at the local level.
Equipping local governments and communities with governance tools to manage subnational resource wealth is an increasingly important response in efforts to transform natural resources into long term development. This is a study of the successful use of one such tool, multi-stakeholder groups (MSGs), in the contentious Filipino mining sector.
Natural resource revenue sharing will be part of upcoming discussions on federalism in Myanmar. This paper outlines the current state of fiscal decentralization, describes the size and location of extractive activities, and shares good practices for resource revenue distribution, drawing on international experiences.