National oil companies wield a major influence over the fight against climate change: they produce more than half of the world’s oil and gas and are projected to spend almost $2 trillion on upstream projects over the next decade.
The energy transition is a critical consideration for countries rich in non-renewable resources. This series debuts analysis from experts (from NRGI and elsewhere) on how resource-ricch countries can navigate the world's transition to lower-carbon technologies.
The Leveraging Transparency to Reduce Corruption project (LTRC)—a five-year initiative led by the Brookings institution and supported by the Natural Resource Governance Institute and Results for Development—is pleased to share an annotated bibliography of more than 150 books, papers, tools/datasets and other resources addressing transparency accountability, and participation efforts along the natural resource value chain.
"State capture" is defined as the efforts of individuals or firms to shape the formation of laws, policies, and regulations of the state to their own advantage by providing illicit private gains to public officials.