Unlike in the resource-rich country in the film Black Panther, much of Africa’s mining sector is currently dominated by foreign direct investment; its raw minerals are often exported with limited local participation in the sector and tax revenues are eroded.
Tolonen’s research focuses on how natural resources affect labor markets, criminal behavior, health and social welfare, and, in particular, gender inequality. Tolonen also focuses on the economics of gender in the household and child health in developing countries.
NRGI set out to collect total oil, gas and mining revenue data for the countries included in the Resource Governance Index to find out how many dollars flow to governments that mismanage the handling of their natural resources.
NRGI is publishing case studies on South Africa, Tanzania and Zambia that describe alternative legal and institutional mechanisms that these countries have put in place to control the price of mineral exports, operational and capital expenditures, and the cost of debt.
While there are potential benefits to increased value addition in Tanzania’s minerals sector, the current policy may or may not achieve the intended impact. There are a number of factors that government officials should consider as they plan implementation of this policy.
For years, Tanzania learned lessons in effective petroleum resource revenue management from Ghana and Uganda. During the latest regional media training course from NRGI, Tanzania’s recent stewardship of the sector presented lessons for Ugandan and Ghanaian journalists to take home.
With the Open Government Partnership Global Summit coming up 7-9 December in Paris, government reformers and civil society campaigners working on the extractives and land sectors will be pleased to see that contract transparency and environmental disclosure will likely feature in the summit outcome document.