NRGI set out to collect total oil, gas and mining revenue data for the countries included in the Resource Governance Index to find out how many dollars flow to governments that mismanage the handling of their natural resources.
International organizations, fiscal policy experts and transparency advocates agree that civil society and the general public need to understand budget figures to effectively monitor the use of public funds.
Sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) can be effective tools for managing natural resource revenues. However, as their numbers continue to grow, with the largest funds managing hundreds of billions or even a trillion dollars in assets, researchers are paying more attention to how well these funds are governed.
Since its independence from the Soviet Union, the Kyrgyz Republic has undergone more dynamic political development toward democracy compared to neighboring countries. However, it has not met its full economic potential. Continuing reform of its mining sector—identified as one of the five key strategic industries of the economy—is paramount.
As the largest resource-for-infrastructure deal ever reached at the time of its signature, the Sicomines case has generated much controversy in Kinshasa, Beijing, and Western capitals alike. It is so large in scale that its value exceeded the Congolese state budget the year it was signed.
Andrew Bauer, David Mihalyi, Dorjdari Namkhaijantsan
Last week, the Mongolian government announced a USD 5.5 billion bailout agreement with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and partners the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank, and the governments of Japan and South Korea.
Even before production—expected to commence around 2020 at the earliest—a report last Friday in New Vision Newspaper indicates Uganda has received about USD 693 million in oil revenues. Other sources put the figure as high as USD 750 million.