Civil society actors fighting for better resource governance must engage with reformers in government and business and speak “truth to power” with those parties hampering progress, NRGI president and CEO Daniel Kaufmann tells RAW Talks.
NRGI set out to collect total oil, gas and mining revenue data for the countries included in the Resource Governance Index to find out how many dollars flow to governments that mismanage the handling of their natural resources.
International organizations, fiscal policy experts and transparency advocates agree that civil society and the general public need to understand budget figures to effectively monitor the use of public funds.
Resource-rich Latin American countries did experience high rates of economic growth and diminished poverty and inequality during the boom years. On the surface, this would appear to strengthen arguments that extractive industries are key to progress, especially in resource-rich areas, despite their negative environmental impact. Nevertheless, a closer look shows that things are a bit more complicated.
Sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) can be effective tools for managing natural resource revenues. However, as their numbers continue to grow, with the largest funds managing hundreds of billions or even a trillion dollars in assets, researchers are paying more attention to how well these funds are governed.
Since its independence from the Soviet Union, the Kyrgyz Republic has undergone more dynamic political development toward democracy compared to neighboring countries. However, it has not met its full economic potential. Continuing reform of its mining sector—identified as one of the five key strategic industries of the economy—is paramount.