Countries in Latin America, a region rich in minerals and hydrocarbons, must improve governance to achieve a just energy transition.
Latin America is a dynamic and evolving region that presents both challenges and opportunities for NRGI’s programmatic work on key issues such as energy transition, resource governance, transparency and tax collection.
NRGI’s priority countries in the region are Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru due to their strategic importance and abundance of oil, gas and minerals—some of which, such as copper and lithium, are important for the energy transition.
In this context, NRGI and its regional partners generate research-based evidence to support the capacity building of state officials and civil society actors in strengthening resource governance and facilitating energy transition processes. NRGI also develops proposals to improve tax collection, address implementation gaps and advocate for fairer deals for resource extraction.
Chile, heavily dependent on mining, seeks to increase renewable energy generation and achieve zero emissions.
Oil and mineral production have been economically significant in Colombia, which now aims to transition beyond the extractive industries.
Mexico has considerable oil and mineral reserves. Although not extractives-dependent, the country faces an urgent need to improve governance.
Peru, spanning both the Andes and the Amazon, has a long history of resource extraction. Mining is the country’s main economic activity.