How have social indicators behaved during the recent commodities supercycle? Is it true that extractive activities have benefited the people who live in resource-rich territories? And have all sectors of the population benefited equally?
Comparative and Descriptive Analysis of the Effects of the Extractive Industry Boom on Social Indicators, a regional report prepared for NRGI on Andean countries by sociologist Maritza Paredes with support from the Ford Foundation, is an effort to address these questions. Under NRGI’s coordination and following the same methodological approach, national reports were prepared by our counterparts in Bolivia (Fundacion Jubileo), Colombia (Fundacion Foro Nacional por Colombia), Ecuador (Grupo Faro) and Peru (Grupo Propuesta Ciudadana).
All countries have reduced poverty, but producing territories have not fared significantly better than nonproducing ones. And the existing gap between urban and rural populations and between men and women has widened, while progress has been made in reducing the gap between indigenous and non-indigenous peoples.