Extractive sector policies and governance choices are holding back solar and wind projects in many countries. Part of the trouble lies in the shortsighted habits of political decision-making that oil, gas or coal exploitation can foster. Debates about domestic energy use are highly political and can fall prey to narrow agendas.
A strategist at Indonesia’s Special Taskforce for Upstream Oil and Gas Business Activities (SKK Migas) discusses how crude oil production in the country—a pioneer in production sharing contracts and in the commercialization of liquefied natural gas—has been on a downward trend since reaching peak production in 1994.
Indonesian mining contracts and licenses — the documents detailing the government’s agreements with companies for the exploitation of minerals — remain out of public view despite legislation and court orders that support their publication.
In countries rich in oil, gas or minerals—like Nigeria and Tunisia—electoral campaigns are fresh opportunities for political parties and candidates to dive into different aspects of the debate around resource governance; develop long-term policy positions; share them with voters; and raise public awareness on resource-related issues crucial to a meaningful and sustainable development.
Each year, the Natural Resource Governance Institute and Gadjah Mada University’s Department for Politics and Government host a residential training course on extractives governance in Indonesia. In 2018, NRGI and partners produced videos covering the course and interviews with course participants.
Lengga Pradipta is part of the Human Ecology team in the Research Centre for Population at the Indonesian Institute of Sciences. As Advancing Accountable Resource Governance in Asia Pacific progressed, Lengga spoke with NRGI about researching Belitung’s aim to develop its tourism industry and move away from a mining-based economy.
On the sidelines of Advancing Accountable Resource Governance in Asia Pacific, Grice spoke with NRGI about a formative early work experience in Papua New Guinea as a sustainable development group manager with Newcrest Mining, his more recent work and quantifying the unquantifiable.