Villanueva is the director of the Philippine civil society organization Alternative Forum for Research in Mindanao. AFRIM focuses on natural resource management, sustainable rural development and peacebuilding.
Yan Naung Oak is a 2017 School of Data fellow for NRGI Myanmar working on data literacy and data availability in the jade mining sector. Last year, he participated in NRGI's massive online open course, Natural Resources for Sustainable Development: The Fundamentals of Oil, Gas, and Mining Governance. These are his takeaways.
Resource-rich countries tend to experience slower economic growth and more social problems than do less-endowed countries—a phenomenon dubbed the “resource curse.” But it turns out that in many cases, economic growth begins to underperform long before the first drop of oil is produced; this we call the “presource curse.”
The two South American countries are adjusting to the spotlight of the global oil industry. As they adapt to new prospects that are both exciting and challenging, government officials in both hope to learn from the experiences of their peers in other new oil hotspots.