In countries rich in oil, gas or minerals—like Nigeria and Tunisia—electoral campaigns are fresh opportunities for political parties and candidates to dive into different aspects of the debate around resource governance; develop long-term policy positions; share them with voters; and raise public awareness on resource-related issues crucial to a meaningful and sustainable development.
Across the world, journalists have been key to uncovering malfeasance in the natural resources sector. Media have exposed illicit activities by international oil companies like Royal Dutch Shell in Nigeria. They have shed light on Cameroon petroleum contracts that bring few benefits to locals and to national accounts.
Each year, the Natural Resource Governance Institute and Gadjah Mada University’s Department for Politics and Government host a residential training course on extractives governance in Indonesia. In 2018, NRGI and partners produced videos covering the course and interviews with course participants.
There is growing momentum to define the core objectives and principles of local level agreements in Mongolia. But the national government itself must do a better job of facilitating a national dialogue.
Political parties can help ensure that their country gets the best deal for the extraction of its resources, manages revenues for the long-term best interests of citizens and avoids the resource curse.
Yan Naung Oak is a 2017 School of Data fellow for NRGI Myanmar working on data literacy and data availability in the jade mining sector. Last year, he participated in NRGI's massive online open course, Natural Resources for Sustainable Development: The Fundamentals of Oil, Gas, and Mining Governance. These are his takeaways.
لطالما شكل إنتاج الفسفاط ركيزة أساسية من ركائز الاقتصاد التونسي – إذ يستخدم صخر الفسفاط على المستوى المحلي لإنتاج الأسمدة و الحامض الفسفوري كما يساهم بشكل كبير في حجم الصادرات التونسية - لكن رغم أهمية قطاع المناجم, لاتزال المناطق الغنية باحتياطي الفسفاط من أكثر المناطق تهميشا في تونس. يعتبر الكثير من المواطنين في هذه المناطق أن سياسات وبرامج التنمية المحلية لا تستجيب لتطلعات وحاجيات المنطقة وسكانها .
NRGI offers global and regional courses (both in-person and online) that are tailored to civil society advocates, government officials, journalists, parliamentarians and other actors who are working to improve the management of oil, gas and minerals.