Ghana, a country rich in aluminium, bauxite, gold, manganese, oil and gas, joined the global Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) in 2003 to promote good governance in the extractives sector. EITI is a multi-stakeholder effort comprising government agencies, civil society actors, and extractive companies.
Across the world, journalists have been key to uncovering malfeasance in the natural resources sector. Media have exposed illicit activities by international oil companies like Royal Dutch Shell in Nigeria. They have shed light on Cameroon petroleum contracts that bring few benefits to locals and to national accounts.
Each year, the Natural Resource Governance Institute and Gadjah Mada University’s Department for Politics and Government host a residential training course on extractives governance in Indonesia. In 2018, NRGI and partners produced videos covering the course and interviews with course participants.
Lengga Pradipta is part of the Human Ecology team in the Research Centre for Population at the Indonesian Institute of Sciences. As Advancing Accountable Resource Governance in Asia Pacific progressed, Lengga spoke with NRGI about researching Belitung’s aim to develop its tourism industry and move away from a mining-based economy.
Political parties can help ensure that their country gets the best deal for the extraction of its resources, manages revenues for the long-term best interests of citizens and avoids the resource curse.
Unlike in the resource-rich country in the film Black Panther, much of Africa’s mining sector is currently dominated by foreign direct investment; its raw minerals are often exported with limited local participation in the sector and tax revenues are eroded.
Yan Naung Oak is a 2017 School of Data fellow for NRGI Myanmar working on data literacy and data availability in the jade mining sector. Last year, he participated in NRGI's massive online open course, Natural Resources for Sustainable Development: The Fundamentals of Oil, Gas, and Mining Governance. These are his takeaways.