The transition from fossil fuel-powered vehicles to electric ones will require hundreds of millions of batteries. The need for such massive production raises questions about the sustainability of the battery supply chain, from mining impacts to carbon emissions. A new report explores the challenges and responses.
Even amid the pandemic downturn, the governance of extractive industry suppliers impacts producer country government revenues and citizens' wellbeing. This report details the suppliers landscape in oil, gas and mining and highlights governance pitfalls.
Governments dependent on revenues from commodities are suffering serious budget crises. While many have sought support from the international financial institutions, made drastic spending cuts, or borrowed heavily, a few are blessed with large sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) or have entered the crisis with low debt levels.